Know the main handicaps
The national Tourisme & Handicap label can be granted for two, three or four families of disabilities (motor, mental, auditory, visual).
Among visually impaired people, a distinction must be made between blind and visually impaired people.
Blind people are totally blind and perceive the world mainly through their other senses (touch, hearing, smell, taste). They most often move with a white cane that allows them to detect obstacles or with a guide dog.
Visually impaired people perceive the elements of the environment differently depending on their type of vision (blurred, reduced visual field, etc.). The lighting, the clutter of the premises, the contrast of obstacles and reliefs influence their ability to perceive space. They must be given markers of seers which can be supplemented by clues appealing to the other senses.
Some visually impaired people move with a cane (regularly or occasionally), or a guide dog, to detect obstacles that are not visually perceived.
The main difficulty is to perceive, hear and decipher sound messages including speech. The loss of stereophony no longer makes it possible to locate the origin of the noise.
We must distinguish the deaf person from the hard of hearing person.
A deaf person is someone who was born deaf, or who has lost their hearing. She cannot hear speech and can only be helped by visual techniques (sign language).
The deaf person has a usable auditory remainder. She can benefit from sound aids (hearing aids, magnetic loop, etc.) and use the lip-reading technique.
It is a handicap of understanding, communication and decision-making.
People with a mental handicap find it difficult to situate themselves in space and time. This requires appropriate compensation, which is essentially human assistance, to which technical assistance can be added.
It is important to emphasize that the illiterate or illiterate person or person who does not master the language of the country, the children, certain elderly people, will have the same mode of operation as the person with comprehension and communication difficulties; that is to say, they will be looking for simplified visual and sound information.
Motor disorders can mean a partial or total impairment of mobility and sometimes communication disorders, difficulties in controlling one's gestures and in expressing oneself; but without altering the intellectual capacities.
People with motor disabilities may be in a wheelchair (manual or electric), move around with a walker, a cane, crutches or walk poorly. Those who travel alone are independent in daily life if they benefit from a suitable environment. On the other hand, those who need help in the gestures of daily life are generally accompanied.